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Tooth Extraction: The Procedure, The Need and The Outcome

Written by prositesdentalFeb 27 • 6 minute read

Extracting teeth is simple if the problem is diagnosed on time. Delaying the process of extracting affected teeth, especially impacted wisdom teeth can lead to complications. Understand the process; symptoms and need for extraction to prepare yourself for it when any such situation arrives.

There are a variety of reasons why some of your teeth may need removed or extracted. The basic aim of dentists and hygienists is to ensure that your mouth functions in the healthiest possible manner. So, for the sake of the mouth’s health, certain faulty teeth may need to be taken out. The reasons which lead to tooth extraction include an abscess, an infection which has established itself deep within the roots and root canal is no longer possible or may not be effective. If you have damaged your teeth in an accident, they may need to be removed in order to restore the damage done to the entire biting strength. A prolonging gum disease which has weakened the roots of the tooth, resulting in bone loss and making the tooth loose is another possible reason for extraction.

But the most common reason for tooth extraction is occurrence of impacted third molar or wisdom tooth. Wisdom teeth are the last of the molars to surface and their arrival may not always be timely. If the eruption of wisdom tooth results in overcrowding or it is misaligned or misplaced, it is termed impacted and needs removal to protect the adjacent teeth. Extraction involves cutting of gum tissue and bone, so the procedure is painful that is why anaesthesia is administered to ease off the discomfort.

The type of anaesthesia is chosen based on the medical history of the patient and their preference. While local anaesthesia may be used to numb the area around the tooth, most people prefer to be administered with sleep sedation so that they are blissfully unaware of what is going inside their mouth and when they wake up it is all done. This gives them a feeling that they have saved a lot of time and allows them to stay away from the view of dentist operating inside their mouth, which might make some people feel uncomfortable. This procedure is convenient for the dentist too as he is able to perform it without any interruptions and distractions.

Depending upon the kind of extraction and the depth of the procedure, the patient may have to wait from 2 to 3 days before the discomfort recedes, and before the mouth is ready for a restorative procedure. It is normal to experience a little bleeding and swelling after the extraction of wisdom tooth. As is the case with any type of incision in the body, the cut in the mouth will give away small amount of blood which you can spit. But if there is a lot of blood oozing out, you should consult your dentist right away. Your dentist will fix the problem and will give you tips on how to fasten the healing process.

There are not many complications involved in tooth extraction; usually the procedure goes very smoothly. The dentist will conduct a thorough analysis with the help of an x-ray and by studying your medical history to check for any current infection or the possible presence of nerve in the area concerned. Only when the dentist is satisfied that the path is clear and your mouth is fit for extraction will he proceed with the procedure.

Why You May Need Tooth Extraction

There are lots of reasons why you may need a tooth extraction. When the tooth and/or root is no longer stable enough, it must be removed. Keeping it in can lead to a lot of pain. This means that you may end up causing yourself a lot of health problems in the future. You could end up with an abscess, gum disease, and possibly more pain.

The moment you have problems with a tooth, you need to make an appointment with a dentist. The tooth may have some rot. If caught early enough, a cavity can be filled with resin or even silver. From there, the tooth is strong enough to stay in the mouth. If the rot has overtaken the tooth, it may have to be removed.

If the tooth is causing overcrowding, a tooth extraction may also be in order. For example, if you have a tooth that has shifted and is pushing the other teeth so they become crooked, it will have to be removed to avoid damaging all of the other teeth in your mouth. A dentist will be able to tell you whether this is in order or if braces would be better to handle the problem.

In the event that you really do need a tooth extraction, you need to think about the overall appearance of your mouth afterwards. If it’s a third molar/wisdom tooth, you never have to worry about replacing it because it is an additional tooth to begin with. However, if it’s one of the teeth in the front of your mouth, you may want to replace it for aesthetic purposes.

Wisdom teeth come in just fine for some people, and they go on living their lives with their third molars. However, for many, there is a need for the wisdom teeth to be pulled or extracted. Sometimes, wisdom teeth can cause irritation in the gum and result in serious pain – and it doesn’t mean that they are decayed, as irritation can be caused from the tooth growing sideways (becoming impacted in the jaw). As a general rule, if all four of your wisdom teeth need to be removed, they can be extracted in the same dentist visit.

However, a tooth extraction may also leave you short of the teeth you need to chew some of your favourite food. If you have a molar removed, you may have problems chewing steak and other items. This means that you need to talk to your dentist about a dental implant to replace the one that was removed. These can be just as stable as real teeth – and sometimes even more stable.

You have to look at a tooth extraction as something necessary in order to help you with your oral hygiene and your oral health. A rotten tooth can lead to bad breath. As the tooth rots, it’s only going to allow food and other things into the gum, which can make its way into the bloodstream. Once the dentist removes the tooth, you can prevent further problems and start working on a solution.The sooner you catch problems, the less chance you have of a tooth being extracted.

Extraction Of Wisdom Tooth

Wisdom Tooth Pain: If a wisdom tooth extraction is required to relieve a patient of pain it is also very important for them to understand how the procedure works. An oral surgeon or a facial surgeon can extract impacted or painful wisdom teeth. If you are considering having all of your wisdom teeth removed at one sitting that you may also increase the risk of further complications. It is not uncommon that oral surgeon recommends the use of IV Sedation to lower the amount of stress on the patient during this type of procedure.

Wisdom Tooth Extraction Procedure

The night before a tooth extraction it is important not to eat or drink anything after midnight. This can prepare you in case the anaesthetic used is one that can cause nausea and vomiting.

Unless IV Sedation is being used before beginning the procedure the dentist will apply a local anaesthetic to the area directly around the tooth that is to be removed. As noted above if multiple extractions are planned it is quite possible that a form of general anaesthetic may be used. This type of anaesthesia will allow the patient to sleep through the procedure and make the surgeons job a bit easier as well.

Removing a wisdom tooth requires the dental professional to open up the tissue around the gum and remove any bone that may be covering the tooth itself. Often the dentist may even have to cut or break the tooth into smaller fragments to make the removal process easier.

Once the tooth is removed it is possible that a stitch or small amount of stitches may be needed. Frequently, dissolvable types of stitches are utilized for a tooth extraction making removal at a later date unnecessary.

After Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Usually the pain and discomfort of this extraction only last for two to three days. The dentist will have prescribed pain medication as well as an antibiotic for the patient to take during this recovery period. Prevention of any toxins to the wound area such as smoking is very important. Additionally, it is very important to avoid sucking on straws the first few days as this can dislodge the important clot that has formed over the extracted tooth’s area.

While the procedure of impacted wisdom tooth extraction is not exactly a pleasant one it will lead to better health and the elimination of pain.

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